Eddies in the Gulf of Alaska

Lively Data, September 18, 2008

Maps of merged Sea Level Anomalies (SLA) in cm the 2000/01/26 (top) and the 2000/08/23 (bottom) in the Gulf of Alaska. Choose Near-real time Data, Global, (Maps of) Sea Level Anomalies, the area, the date and a common color fill levels (-30)(-20,20,2)(30).

The Gulf of Alaska is an identifying location of mesoscale eddies, all predominantly anticyclonic. Some of their characteristics, or their seasonal and interannual activity can be approached with the LAS. Eddies are generated on the eastern side of the basin and propagate westward parallel to the shelf break, in a eddy corridor of the Alaskan Stream.

The seasonnal distribution is not uniform. The maps of SLA show fewest eddies during winter (top) and most during summer (below).

Mean winter merged wind speed modulus in m/s. Choose Near-real time Data, Global, (Maps of) Wind Speed Modulus. Define the period in Define variable (here December-February 2005-2006 and 2006-2007) and select "T" in Apply to these axes and "Average" in Select analysis type. Select the geographic area, the palette "topography/bathymetry" and a common color fill levels.

 

Periods of increased eddy activity are known in bibilography and seem to be associated with local wind conditions. Maps of merged wind speed modulus during winter 2005-2006 and winter 2006-2007 show spatial and density pronounced differences. During winter 2005-2006, winds are predominantly located over the eastern basin and even they are less strong, they seem to be more favourable to a greatest eddy activity.

Zonal component ("U") of geostrophic current (in cm/s) averaged over June-August 1996 (top) and 2004 (bottom) in the Gulf of Alaska. To create these maps with the LAS, choose NRT, Global, (Maps of) Geostrophic Velocity Anomalies, and the variable U (Zonal Velocity (cm/s)). Define the period in Define variable and select "T" in Apply to these axes and "Average" in Select analysis type. Select the geographic area and a common color fill level.

 

Seasonnal maps of the zonal component ("U") of geostrophic current also underline some interannual differences. U is marked by negative values, describing westerly currents during summer 2004 (bottom) which is correspond to a year of greatest eddy activity. At the opposite, the 1996 year (top) is noted as a lower eddy activity, during which the mean summer zonal component of the geostrophic current is positive, describing easterly currents.

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