On the borders of the Gulf Stream

Lively Data, December 29, 2009

Top: Merged Absolute Dynamic Topography (in cm), off Newfounland, along a longitudinal line (54°W-38°W) at 47°N, on 2008/11/19. The arrows were added: LC = Labrador Current, NAC = North Atlantic Current. To made a such curve with the LAS, choose DT - Global - (Maps of) Absolute Dynamic Topography Merged, select Longitude line (x) in Select View then the geographical coordinates and the date. The color, the thickness and the kind of the line are defined in the optioins.
Bottom: Merged map of Absolute Dynamic Topography (in cm), averaged on the year 2008 in the North West Atlantic Ocean. The longitudinal white line corresponds to the main direction of the currents: LC = Labrador Current, NAC = North Atlantic Current, GS=Gulf Stream. To made a such map, choose the same variable than the previous curve but select Longitude-Latitude map (xy) in Select view. In Define variable, choose Average, "T" then the reference period (2008/01/0 - 2008/12/31) . Click on Next then select the area. The contours are defined in the options: Contours style (color filled and lines) and Contour levels (10).

The Gulf Stream flows in the Atlantic Ocean and it is the one of the world's biggest western boundary current. It rebalances the Earth's heat budget by transporting heat from the equator to the poles.

On the northern boundary of the Gulf Stream, where the subtropical and subpolar gyres meet together, the exchanges of heat are maximum. The Labrador Current (LC), belongs to the subpolar gyre, is a cold current which flows from the Arctic Ocean. Its constrasted meeting with the warmer waters, on the Great Bank off Newfounland, produces heavy banks of mist often feared by fishermen. These warmer waters belongs to the northern branch of the Gulf Stream, the North Atlantic Current (NAC).

Along a longitudinal section, at the northern border of the Gulf Stream (47°N), the contrast between the LC and the NAC is easily shown with the dynamic topography heights: a jump of more one meter is observed between 43°W and 39°W, on 2008/11/19.

 

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